Field Tip Summaries

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Time of year - late March

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View field tip detailsSpecies 1040 Acleris caledoniana, (Stephens, 1852)
1096 Apotomis sauciana, (Frölich, 1828)
1119 Ancylis geminana, (Donovan, 1806)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year late March to April
Foodplants Bilberry, Vaccinium myrtillus
Tip The larvae feed in spring in the tops of the foodplant, the plants being sometimes quite blighted by the larvae. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1055 Acleris hyemana, (Haworth, 1811)
Taxon stage Imago
Time of year March to April
Foodplants oaks, Quercus spp.
Tip The adults are sometimes to be obtained in numbers by searching the trunks of oak-trees after dark (Thurnall). [Tutt]
Photographs
1055 Acleris hyemana
Found by day flying over Heather. - Ipswich, Suffolk (iv.2006) © Neil Sherman
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1051 Acleris logiana, (Clerck, 1759)
Taxon stage Imago
Time of year mid February to early April
Foodplants birches, Betula spp.
Tip Adults are to be found on birch trunks in spring; by sleeving the female on birch trees long series may be bred. [Tutt]
Detail It is a mistake to let the larvae spin up in muslin, as they are long in turning and ichneumons sting them through the meshes. [Tutt]
Photographs
1051 Acleris logiana
Ipswich, Suffolk (x.2004) © Neil Sherman
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1045 Acleris notana, (Donovan, 1806)
Taxon stage Imago
Time of year March
Tip When the hibernated females are taken in March they are well worth retaining for eggs, the moths appearing in July being more given to variation than those occurring in the autumnal emergence. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 949 Aethes dilucidana, (Stephens, 1852)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wild Parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
Tip In winter and early spring collect the stems of wild parsnip for the larvae. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 949 Aethes dilucidana, (Stephens, 1852)
Taxon stage Pupa
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wild Parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
Tip The pupae can be obtained from the stems, little holes in the stems readily denoting their whereabouts. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 950 Aethes francillana, (Fabricius, 1794)
Taxon stage Pupa
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
Tip The pupa can be obtained in the stems, little holes in the stems readily denoting their whereabouts. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 944 Aethes williana, (Brahm, 1791)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March, October to December
Foodplants Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
Tip The larva feeds in the autumn and winter in the stems, eating out the pith and filling the space with frass, still feeding on the dead stems or working back through the frass as late as April and spinning a very slight brownish cocoon in the tightly packed mass of frass in the stem, the moth emerging in June. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 702 Agonopterix assimilella, (Treitschke, 1832)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Broom, Cytisus scoparius
Tip Bushes of the foodplant, frequently found by the rides in woods, etc., will have some of their twigs joined together by a slight web; on pulling them apart the brown larvae will be found. [Tutt]
Detail It is best to cut off good-sized pieces of the twigs with the larvae and keep them in a cage with plenty of ventilation and out in the open air, otherwise the broom will very soon go mouldy. [Tutt]
Photographs
702 Agonopterix assimilella702 Agonopterix assimilella702 Agonopterix assimilella
Larval spinning between two stems - Norfolk (2006) © Rob Edmunds
Larval spinning along a stem - Norfolk (2006) © Rob Edmunds
Larval spinning between two stems - Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk (4.iii.2006) © A Prichard
 
702 Agonopterix assimilella702 Agonopterix assimilella
Larva in spinning between two stems - Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk (4.iii.2006) © A Prichard
Larva in spinning between two stems - Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk (4.iii.2006) © A Prichard
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1432 Anerastia lotella, (Hübner, 1813)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year late March to April
Foodplants sedges, Carex spp.
grasses, Gramineae
Tip Search the sand about the roots of various grasses and sedges on the sandhills near the seaside for the silken tubes in which the larvae reside. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 753 Aristotelia brizella, (Treitschke, 1833)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Thrift, Armeria maritima
Common Sea-lavender, Limonium vulgare
Tip The larvae winter in the flower-heads, changing to pupa in April (Schmid). [Meyrick notes larvae as occurring in June-July and again in September-October.] [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
753 Aristotelia brizella753 Aristotelia brizella753 Aristotelia brizella
Larval feeding damage within Thrift (Armeria maritima) seedhead - Boyton, Suffolk (19.iii.2006) © A Prichard
Larval feeding damage within Thrift (Armeria maritima) seedhead - Boyton, Suffolk (19.iii.2006) © A Prichard
Larval feeding damage within Thrift (Armeria maritima) seedhead - Boyton, Suffolk (19.iii.2006) © A Prichard
 
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 294 Aspilapteryx tringipennella, (Zeller, 1839)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year late March to June
Foodplants Ribwort Plantain, Plantago lanceolata
Tip Larvae betray their presence by causing the leaves to contract through being mined down the centre, with large bladdery mines. The larvae do not quit their mines to pupate. [Tutt]
Detail The larvae are in abundance in leaves of Ribwort Plantain at Castle Hill, Scarborough (and elsewhere) (Elisha). [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 3
Photographs
294 Aspilapteryx tringipennella294 Aspilapteryx tringipennella
Mine on Ribworth Plantain - Sizewell, Suffolk (27.iv.2003) © A Prichard
Mine on Ribworth Plantain - Thorpeness, Suffolk (13.iv.2004) © A Prichard
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 642 Batia unitella, (Hübner, 1796)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to April
Foodplants elms, Ulmus spp.
Tip Under the loose bark of elm-posts and the rails by the side of fields, etc., the dirty blackish larvae may be found living under a slight web, mixed with frass and gnawed wood (Elisha). [Tutt]
Detail The larvae have been found in April under the decaying bark of elm. [Tutt]
The brown larvae are to be found feeding on decaying bark of oak, etc. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 625 Biselachista cinereopunctella, (Haworth, 1828)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Glaucous Sedge, Carex glauca
Tip The beautiful red-spotted larva mines down the leaves in the spring, having apparently wintered in the withered tip of the leaf; it is full-fed in March and almost immediately it quits the mine it fixes itself in the angle of the leaf, and changes to a pupa. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 906 Blastodacna atra, Apple Pith Moth, (Haworth, 1828)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants apple, Malus spp.
Tip In early spring sickly-looking buds should be pulled of apple-trees in order to obtain the larvae. The larva mines into the bud in autumn, and in winter is to be found in the alburnum of the bearing spur of the apple. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 779 Bryotropha affinis, (Haworth, 1828)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March, December
Foodplants Moss
Tip The larva are to be found feeding on mosses growing on walls, etc. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 265 Bucculatrix cristatella, Zeller, 1839
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year March to April
Foodplants Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
Tip The larvae nibble the leaves causing the bitten edges to turn brown, which betrays their presence. The beautiful ribbed whitish cocoon is spun irregularly across the front of the leaf and may be found in May. [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
265 Bucculatrix cristatella265 Bucculatrix cristatella
white moulting cocoon - Barnhamcross Common, Thetford, Suffolk (17.iv.2005) © A Prichard
Larva on Yarrow - Barnhamcross Common, Thetford, Suffolk (17.iv.2005) © A Prichard
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1494 Capperia britanniodactyla, (Gregson, 1869)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wood-sage, Teucrium scorodonia
Tip The larvae hibernate on the underside of the leaves and have at this time the appearance of little oval tufts of whitish hair. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 658 Carcina quercana, (Fabricius, 1775)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March
Foodplants brambles, Rubus spp.
Tip Look for windowing on bramble leaves, with a white silken web on underside of leaf [J Langmaid per R Edmunds]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
658 Carcina quercana658 Carcina quercana
Larval spinning on underside of leaf - Norfolk (2006) © R Edmunds
Windowing of leaves by larva - Norfolk (2006) © R Edmunds
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 834 Caryocolum tricolorella, (Haworth, 1812)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to April
Foodplants Greater Stitchwort, Stellaria holostea
Tip Larvae should be sought in spun-together tops of the foodplant. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 834 Caryocolum tricolorella, (Haworth, 1812)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year late March
Foodplants Greater Stitchwort, Stellaria holostea
Tip Search for topmost shoots of the foodplant being drawn together and distorted by the larvae (Elisha). [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 443 Cedestis subfasciella, (Stephens, 1834)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year March
Foodplants Scots Pine, Pinus sylvestris
Tip The shining pale-brown larva is to be found mining the leaves, it mines from the tip of the leaf downwards, leaving the mined portion full of excrement. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1206 Clavigesta sylvestrana, (Curtis, 1850)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year March to April
Foodplants Maritime Pine, Pinus pinaster
Stone Pine, Pinus pinea
Tip The larva feeds in the shoots. It may be detected by the pellet of frass which is ejected from the tunnel by the larva, and which remains attached outside. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 959 Cochylidia rupicola, (Curtis, 1834)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Hemp-agrimony, Eupatorium cannabinum
Tip Old and prostrate stems may be gathered for a supply of this species. The stems should be kept out of doors, or any larvae they contain may otherwise perish. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 966 Cochylis atricapitana, (Stephens, 1852)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to April
Foodplants Common Ragwort, Senecio jacobaea
Tip The distorted dry stems may be collected in spring for larvae, which live thereon throughout the autumn and winter. Some spin up and pupate within the burrow; others, however, leave the stem to spin up elsewhere. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 962 Cochylis roseana, (Haworth, 1811)
1097 Endothenia gentianaeana, (Hübner, 1799)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to April, December
Foodplants Teasel, Dispacus fullonum
Tip Collect the seedheads of teasel and keep in a box; you will breed plenty of the adults. [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 515 Coleophora albitarsella, Zeller, 1849
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year mid February to early May, October
Foodplants Ground-ivy, Glechoma hederacea
Tip Examine the foodplant carefully for leaves showing whitish blotches and search for the larval cases underneath on blotched and nearby leaves. Foodplant growing under the shelter of a bramble-bush or at the foot of a fence among grass are good places to search.
Detail Ground-ivy, growing under the shelter of a bramble-bush or at the foot of a fence among grass, may be examined for larval cases. [Tutt]
At the base of the rocks at Whitbarrow, during the first week of June the larvae may be obtained in plenty on Marjoram (Hodgkinson). [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
515 Coleophora albitarsella515 Coleophora albitarsella515 Coleophora albitarsella
Mine on Ground Ivy - Ufford, Suffolk (28.x.2005) © A Prichard
Mine on Ground Ivy - Ufford, Suffolk (28.x.2005) © A Prichard
Case on Ground Ivy - Ufford, Suffolk (28.x.2005) © A Prichard
 
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 584 Coleophora alticolella, Zeller, 1849
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year March
Foodplants rushes, Juncus spp.
Tip Boggy pieces of ground, where rushes abound, should be worked for the whitish cases of this species, which are to be found mostly between the seeds at this time. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 547 Coleophora discordella, Zeller, 1849
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year March
Foodplants Common Bird's-foot Trefoil, Lotus corniculatus
Tip The blotches made by the larvae on the leaves are conspicuous and tell very plainly the whereabouts of the larvae (Elisha). [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 546 Coleophora genistae, Stainton, 1857
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year March
Foodplants Petty Whin, Genista anglica
Tip Where the foodplant grows freely traces of the work of the larvae are generally evident in March but they should be left till later for they are difficult to get through if taken too small. [Tutt]