Field Tip Summaries

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Time of year - early February to mid February

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View field tip detailsSpecies 1051 Acleris logiana, (Clerck, 1759)
Taxon stage Imago
Time of year mid February to early April
Foodplants birches, Betula spp.
Tip Adults are to be found on birch trunks in spring; by sleeving the female on birch trees long series may be bred. [Tutt]
Detail It is a mistake to let the larvae spin up in muslin, as they are long in turning and ichneumons sting them through the meshes. [Tutt]
Photographs
1051 Acleris logiana
Ipswich, Suffolk (x.2004) © Neil Sherman
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1517 Adaina microdactyla, (Hübner, 1813)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February
Foodplants Hemp-agrimony, Eupatorium cannabinum
Tip Examine dead-stems of the foodplant. If small holes be detected in the sides of the stems they should be carefully cut and examined for the larvae. [Tutt]
Detail By cutting a small bundle of the stems and keeping them out in all weathers until near the time of emergence fine series may be bred (Elisha). [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 949 Aethes dilucidana, (Stephens, 1852)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wild Parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
Tip In winter and early spring collect the stems of wild parsnip for the larvae. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 949 Aethes dilucidana, (Stephens, 1852)
Taxon stage Pupa
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wild Parsnip, Pastinaca sativa
Tip The pupae can be obtained from the stems, little holes in the stems readily denoting their whereabouts. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 950 Aethes francillana, (Fabricius, 1794)
Taxon stage Pupa
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
Tip The pupa can be obtained in the stems, little holes in the stems readily denoting their whereabouts. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 948 Aethes margaritana, (Haworth, 1811)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to mid March, November to December
Foodplants Yarrow, Achillea millefolium
Tip The larvae feed in a web among the seedheads in the autumn and winter. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 944 Aethes williana, (Brahm, 1791)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March, October to December
Foodplants Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
Tip The larva feeds in the autumn and winter in the stems, eating out the pith and filling the space with frass, still feeding on the dead stems or working back through the frass as late as April and spinning a very slight brownish cocoon in the tightly packed mass of frass in the stem, the moth emerging in June. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 944 Aethes williana, (Brahm, 1791)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to mid March
Foodplants Wild Carrot, Daucus carota
Tip Roots should be collected in the winter months for the larvae. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 702 Agonopterix assimilella, (Treitschke, 1832)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Broom, Cytisus scoparius
Tip Bushes of the foodplant, frequently found by the rides in woods, etc., will have some of their twigs joined together by a slight web; on pulling them apart the brown larvae will be found. [Tutt]
Detail It is best to cut off good-sized pieces of the twigs with the larvae and keep them in a cage with plenty of ventilation and out in the open air, otherwise the broom will very soon go mouldy. [Tutt]
Photographs
702 Agonopterix assimilella702 Agonopterix assimilella702 Agonopterix assimilella
Larval spinning between two stems - Norfolk (2006) © Rob Edmunds
Larval spinning along a stem - Norfolk (2006) © Rob Edmunds
Larval spinning between two stems - Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk (4.iii.2006) © A Prichard
 
702 Agonopterix assimilella702 Agonopterix assimilella
Larva in spinning between two stems - Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk (4.iii.2006) © A Prichard
Larva in spinning between two stems - Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk (4.iii.2006) © A Prichard
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 753 Aristotelia brizella, (Treitschke, 1833)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Thrift, Armeria maritima
Common Sea-lavender, Limonium vulgare
Tip The larvae winter in the flower-heads, changing to pupa in April (Schmid). [Meyrick notes larvae as occurring in June-July and again in September-October.] [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
753 Aristotelia brizella753 Aristotelia brizella753 Aristotelia brizella
Larval feeding damage within Thrift (Armeria maritima) seedhead - Boyton, Suffolk (19.iii.2006) © A Prichard
Larval feeding damage within Thrift (Armeria maritima) seedhead - Boyton, Suffolk (19.iii.2006) © A Prichard
Larval feeding damage within Thrift (Armeria maritima) seedhead - Boyton, Suffolk (19.iii.2006) © A Prichard
 
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 642 Batia unitella, (Hübner, 1796)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to April
Foodplants elms, Ulmus spp.
Tip Under the loose bark of elm-posts and the rails by the side of fields, etc., the dirty blackish larvae may be found living under a slight web, mixed with frass and gnawed wood (Elisha). [Tutt]
Detail The larvae have been found in April under the decaying bark of elm. [Tutt]
The brown larvae are to be found feeding on decaying bark of oak, etc. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 625 Biselachista cinereopunctella, (Haworth, 1828)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Glaucous Sedge, Carex glauca
Tip The beautiful red-spotted larva mines down the leaves in the spring, having apparently wintered in the withered tip of the leaf; it is full-fed in March and almost immediately it quits the mine it fixes itself in the angle of the leaf, and changes to a pupa. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 906 Blastodacna atra, Apple Pith Moth, (Haworth, 1828)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants apple, Malus spp.
Tip In early spring sickly-looking buds should be pulled of apple-trees in order to obtain the larvae. The larva mines into the bud in autumn, and in winter is to be found in the alburnum of the bearing spur of the apple. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 779 Bryotropha affinis, (Haworth, 1828)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March, December
Foodplants Moss
Tip The larva are to be found feeding on mosses growing on walls, etc. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1494 Capperia britanniodactyla, (Gregson, 1869)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March
Foodplants Wood-sage, Teucrium scorodonia
Tip The larvae hibernate on the underside of the leaves and have at this time the appearance of little oval tufts of whitish hair. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 658 Carcina quercana, (Fabricius, 1775)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to March
Foodplants brambles, Rubus spp.
Tip Look for windowing on bramble leaves, with a white silken web on underside of leaf [J Langmaid per R Edmunds]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
658 Carcina quercana658 Carcina quercana
Larval spinning on underside of leaf - Norfolk (2006) © R Edmunds
Windowing of leaves by larva - Norfolk (2006) © R Edmunds
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 834 Caryocolum tricolorella, (Haworth, 1812)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to April
Foodplants Greater Stitchwort, Stellaria holostea
Tip Larvae should be sought in spun-together tops of the foodplant. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1316 Catoptria falsella, (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to mid March
Foodplants Moss
Tip The larvae feed on and among the moss growing on walls, rocks, etc. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 959 Cochylidia rupicola, (Curtis, 1834)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Hemp-agrimony, Eupatorium cannabinum
Tip Old and prostrate stems may be gathered for a supply of this species. The stems should be kept out of doors, or any larvae they contain may otherwise perish. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 966 Cochylis atricapitana, (Stephens, 1852)
1187 Epiblema costipunctana, (Haworth, 1811)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to February
Foodplants Common Ragwort, Senecio jacobaea
Tip Roots dug during the winter will give larvae. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 966 Cochylis atricapitana, (Stephens, 1852)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to April
Foodplants Common Ragwort, Senecio jacobaea
Tip The distorted dry stems may be collected in spring for larvae, which live thereon throughout the autumn and winter. Some spin up and pupate within the burrow; others, however, leave the stem to spin up elsewhere. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 962 Cochylis roseana, (Haworth, 1811)
1097 Endothenia gentianaeana, (Hübner, 1799)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to April, December
Foodplants Teasel, Dispacus fullonum
Tip Collect the seedheads of teasel and keep in a box; you will breed plenty of the adults. [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 515 Coleophora albitarsella, Zeller, 1849
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year mid February to early May, October
Foodplants Ground-ivy, Glechoma hederacea
Tip Examine the foodplant carefully for leaves showing whitish blotches and search for the larval cases underneath on blotched and nearby leaves. Foodplant growing under the shelter of a bramble-bush or at the foot of a fence among grass are good places to search.
Detail Ground-ivy, growing under the shelter of a bramble-bush or at the foot of a fence among grass, may be examined for larval cases. [Tutt]
At the base of the rocks at Whitbarrow, during the first week of June the larvae may be obtained in plenty on Marjoram (Hodgkinson). [Tutt]
Ranking ranking 5
Photographs
515 Coleophora albitarsella515 Coleophora albitarsella515 Coleophora albitarsella
Mine on Ground Ivy - Ufford, Suffolk (28.x.2005) © A Prichard
Mine on Ground Ivy - Ufford, Suffolk (28.x.2005) © A Prichard
Case on Ground Ivy - Ufford, Suffolk (28.x.2005) © A Prichard
 
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 497 Coleophora badiipennella, (Duponchel, 1843)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to early February, late November to December
Foodplants elms, Ulmus spp.
Tip The cases may be found throughout the winter on the lower twigs of elm-trees and the upper twigs of elm-bushes. The particular elms may be noted and the larvae gathered in spring. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 525 Coleophora solitariella, Zeller, 1849
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to May
Foodplants Greater Stitchwort, Stellaria holostea
Tip On the underside of the leaves of the foodplant, the slender larval cases will be found, the larvae having recommenced feeding after their long hibernation (Elisha). [Tutt]
Detail The foodplants give plenty of almost full-fed larvae (Machin). [Tutt]
Larvae in their cases are to be found along hedge-banks on which the foodplant grows, at the end of May. Search any plants which have a white or variegated appearance; the green plants are no good for larvae. [Tutt]
Photographs
525 Coleophora solitariella525 Coleophora solitariella525 Coleophora solitariella
Larval mines on Greater Stitchwort - Reydon, Suffolk (16.iv.2006) © A Prichard
Larval case on Greater Stitchwort - Reydon, Suffolk (16.iv.2006) © A Prichard
Larval case on Greater Stitchwort - Reydon, Suffolk (16.iv.2006) © A Prichard
 
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 952 Commophila aeneana, (Hübner, 1800)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February
Foodplants Common Ragwort, Senecio jacobaea
Tip Pull gently the last year's flower-stalks of ragwort, and you will find that when the root contains a larva the stem breaks off readily, leaving a piece about two inches high, which is slightly webbed over the hole that leads down to the root. Dig up the roots, plant in pots or boxes, and bring indoors in May. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 633 Cosmiotes stabilella, (Stainton, 1858)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to May, July
Foodplants bents, Agrostis spp.
Tall Fescue, Festuca arundinacea
Tip The larvae mine the leaves of the foodplant growing on chalk, and may be found in February in the brown withered tips of the leaves, from which they make pale yellow mines to the stem, pupating in April at the base of the blade, under an oval-shaped web (Warren). [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1254 Cydia strobilella, Spruce Seed Moth, (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to February
Foodplants spruces, Picea spp.
Tip Search the ground under spruce fir-trees for mis-shapen cones, for it is these only that contain the larvae (Elisha). [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 177 Dahlica inconspicuella, Lesser Lichen Case-bearer, (Stainton, 1849)
179 Dahlica lichenella, Lichen Case-bearer, (Linnaeus, 1761)
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year February to March
Foodplants Lichens
Tip The cases on lichen-covered tree-trunks, fences, etc., should be collected as soon as they are ready for pupation. [Tutt]
 
 
View field tip detailsSpecies 1274 Dichrorampha alpinana, (Treitschke, 1830)
1286 Dichrorampha sedatana, Busck, 1906
Taxon stage Larva
Time of year January to mid March
Foodplants Tansy, Tanacetum vulgare
Tip Roots dug during the winter will give adults later in the year. [Tutt]